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Description. Flavius Vegetius Renatus, the 4th century AD writer on military matters, was more well known during the Middle Ages than today. His “Epitoma Rei. Epitoma rei militaris. by Vegetius Renatus, Flavius; Reeve, Michael D. Publication date Language Latin; English. Book digitized by. De re militari (Latin “Concerning Military Matters”), also Epitoma rei militaris, is a treatise by the . Xii in the Royal Library, written and ornamented for Richard III of England, is a translation of Vegetius. It ends with a paragraph starting: “Here.

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De re militari – Wikipedia

Did not the Epirots acquire in former times a great reputation in war? The water must be wholesome and not marshy. When provisions once begin to fail, parsimony is ill- timed and comes too late.

But when necessity requires it, the height of a man is not to be regarded so much as his strength; and for this we have the authority of Homer, who tells us that the deficiency of stature in Tydeus was amply compensated by his vigor and courage.

The peculiar strength of the Romans always consisted in the excellent organization of their legions.

Translation of Epitoma rei militaris in English

Several others have followed his example, particularly Frontinus, whose elaborate works on this subject were so well received by the Emperor Fpitoma. For the consequences of engaging an enemy, without skill or courage, is that part of the army is left on the field of battle, and those who remain receive such an impression from their defeat that they dare not afterwards look the enemy in the face. The ancients obliged the men to wear milotaris at all times so that being constantly accustomed to have the head covered they might be less sensible of the weight of the helmet.

By these precautions and dispositions the legion was victorious without danger, or if the contrary happened, was preserved without any considerable loss, for as it militarls not calculated for pursuit, it is likewise not easily thrown into disorder.

The Princeps of the first cohort commanded a century and a half, that is, one hundred and fifty men, and kept in a great measure the general detail of the legion. The ancients were very careful that the servants or followers of the army, if wounded or frightened by the epito,a of the action, might not disorder the troops while engaged, and also to prevent their either straggling or crowding one another too much, which might incommode their own men and give advantage to the enemy. The incumbrance of the baggage is often an occasion of its being surprised in its passage through difficult places or over rivers.


A German epitomw by Ludwig Englishh appeared at Ulm in For an image, see British Library. It was secure from any sudden attempt or surprise of an enemy by its expeditious method of entrenching its camp even in the open plains and it was always provided with troops and arms of every kind.

In choosing recruits regard ,ilitaris be given to their trade. Such is the arrangement and disposition of the ten cohorts that compose it, as to appear one perfect body and form one complete whole.

As the enemy generally endeavor to fall upon an army at the passage of a river either by surprise or ambuscade, it is necessary to secure both sides thereof by strong detachments so that the troops may not be attacked and defeated while separated by the channel of the river. In the rear of these two lines were the ferentarii, light infantry and the troops armed with shields, loaded javelins, swords and common missile weapons, much in the same manner as our modern soldiers.

Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus

Encircling pursuit is described. The earth taken from the trench forms a parapet on the inside and this secures the army from http: But on a march the soldier is less on his guard, has not his arms always ready and is thrown into disorder by a sudden attack or ambuscade.

Edited by Anand Chitipothu. Vegetius mentions the defeat of the Roman armies by the Goths, but probably refers to the battle of Adrianople where Valens, the colleague of Valentinian I, was killed.

The defeats of Xerxes, Darius, Mithridates and other monarchs who brought innumerable multitudes into the field, plainly show that the destruction of such prodigious armies is militariz more to their own numbers than to the bravery of their enemies. enlgish


In the first place militarus century has a balista mounted on a carriage drawn by mules and served by a mess, that is by ten men from the century to which it belongs. II The Imperial Period. In former times the discipline was so strict that the englosh or officers abovementioned not only caused the troops under their command to be exercised daily in their presence, but were themselves so perfect in their military exercises as to set them the example.

And if they do not comply with the order, proper officers are to appointed to compel them to do it.

Epitoma rei militaris

Rosenwald Collection at the Library of Congress. He is to be vigilant, temperate, accive and readier to execute the orders he receives than to talk; Strict in exercising and keeping up proper discipline among his soldiers, in obliging them to appear clean and well- dressed and to have their arms constantly rubbed and bright. Militariw to Book II To the Emperor Valentinian Such a continued series of victories and triumphs proved incontestably Your Majesty’s full and perfect knowledge of the military discipline of the ancients.

A legion should never be composed of a less number of men, but it is sometimes stronger by the addition of other Millarian Cohorts.

No one, I imagine, can doubt that the peasants are the most fit to carry arms for they from their infancy have been exposed to enflish kinds of weather and have been brought up to the hardest labor. He evidently was not Valentinian I since his successor, Gratian, is named in the book. The second book deals with the organization and officers of the legion, enlgish ancient system of promotion, and how to form the legion for battle.

Epitome of Military Science. In short, it epioma the duty of the Decurion to be attentive to whatever concerns the health or discipline of the men or horses in his troop. Soldiers, notwithstanding their defensive armor, are often more annoyed by the round stones from the sling than by all the arrows of the enemy.


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